Glossary- Hindi/English

indian-spices

SPICES AND HERBS (MASALA)

English Name Hindi Name
Alkanet Root रतन ज्योत
Alum फिटकरी
Anise Seed सौंफ
Arrowroot पानीफल, टिकोरा
Asafoetida हींग
Basil Holy तुलसी
Bay Leaf Indian तेज पत्ता
Black Cumin शाही जीरा, काला जीरा
Black Mustard Seeds राइ, मोहरी
Black Mustard Seeds Cracked राइ कुरिया
Black Peppercorn काली मिर्च
Black Salt संचल नमक, काला नमक
Black Cardamom बड़ी इलायची, काली इलायची
Green Cardamom Choti Elaichi, Hari Elaichi
Carom Seeds Ajwain
Cassia Jangli Dalchini
Cayenne Pepper Lal Mirch
Celery Seeds Ajmud
Cilantro Hara Dhania
Citric Acid Nimbu Satva,
Cinnamon Dalchini
Cloves Laung
Coriander Seeds Dhania
Cumin Seeds Jeera
Curry Leaf Kari Patta
Dill Soa, Shepu
Fennel Saunf
Fenugreek Leaves Dried Kasoori Methi
Fenugreek Seeds Methi Dana
Garcinia indica Kokum
Garlic Fresh Lehsun
Ginger Fresh Adrak
Ginder Dried Soonth, Saunth
Gold Leaf Edible Sone ka varkh
Gum Gondh, Dink
Green Chilli Hari Mirch
Honey Shahad, Madha
Licorice Mulathi, Jeth Madh
Long Pepper Pippali
Lotus Seeds Pop Makhana
Jaggery Gur, Raw Sugar Cake
Mace Javitri
Mango Powder Amchoor
Mustard Seeds Sarson,, Rai
Mustard Seeds Cracked Rai Curia
Mustard Oil Rai / sarson ka tel
Nigella Seeds Kalonji
Nutmeg Jaifal
Onion Pyaz
Paprika Lal Mirch
Garden Mint Pudina
Pomegranate Seeds Anardana
Poppy Seeds Khus Khus
Red Chilli Lal Mirch
Rose Water Gulab Jal
Sage Kamarkas
Saffron Kesar
Salt Namak
Sea Salt Saindha Namak
Black Salt Kala Namak
Scallion / Spring Onion Hara Pyaz
Screwpine Essence Kewra Essence
Sesame Til
Shallot Gandhana
Silver Edible Leaf Chandi Varak
Star Anise Chakriphool
Sugar Chini
Sumac Sumaq
Tamarind Imli
Turmeric Haldi
Vinegar Sirka
White Pepper Safed Mirch

DRIED FRUITS AND NUTS  (MEWA)

English Name Hindi Name
Apricot dried Jardaloo
Dates Khajoor
Dates Dried Kharik, Chhuhara
Fig Anjeer
Gooseberry Indian(Embilica) Amla
Prunes Aloo bukhara, Manukka
Raisins Kishmish
Raisins seedless yellow Sultana
Almonds Badaam
Cantaloupe Seeds Kharbooz ke beej
Cashew nuts Kajoo, Kaju
Coconut Nariyal, Kopra
Flaxseeds Alsi
Lotus Seeds Pop Makhana
Peanuts Moong phalli
Pine nuts Chilgoza
Pistachio Nuts Pista
Pistachio Soft Chironghi
Pumpkin Seeds Kaddu ke beej
Safflower Kusam, Kusambo
Sesame – White Safed Til
Seasame Black Kaali Til
Sunflower Sooraj Mukhi
Watermelon seeds Tarbooz ke beej / Magaj
Walnuts Akhrot, Akhroat

FRUITS

English Name Hindi Name
Apple Seb
Apricot Zardaloo
Avocado Makhanphal
Banana Kela
Cantaloupe Melon Kharbooja
Cranberry Karonda
Fig Anjeer
Gooseberry Indian Amla
Grapes Angoor
Grapefruit Chakutra
Guava Amrood
Jackfruit Kathal, Fanas
Java Plum Jamoon,
Lime, Lemon Nimbu
Lychee Leechee
Mango Aam
Mulberry Shehtoot
Plum Karonda
Olives Zetoon
Orange Santra
Papaya Papeeta
Peach Aadoo
Pear Nashpati
Pineapple Ananas, Anaanaas
Plum Aloo Bukhara
Pomegranate Anar
Sapota Chickoo
Star Fruit Kamrakh
Sugar Cane Ganna
Sweet Lime Mausambi
Water Melon Tarbooj

GRAINS LENTILS FLOURS

English Name Hindi Name
Barley Juan,
Buckwheat Kuttu
Cracked Wheat Dalia
Flour Atta
Flour Chickpea Besan
Flour Refined Maida
Flour Maize Makki Atta
Millet – Barnyard Jhungori
Millet-Finger Ragi
Millet Foxtail Kheri
Millet Great Sorghum Jowar
Millet – Little Kodo Kodo
Millet – Pearl Spiked Bajara
Oats Vilayati Kuan
Rice Chawal
Rice flakes – Flattened Poha
Rice Puffed Murmura
Semolina Sooji, Rava,
Tapioca (Cassava) Starch Balls Sabudana
Vermicilli Seviyan
Wheat Gehun, Gehoon
Wheat Flour Gehun Atta.

LEGUMES BEANS

English Name Hindi Name
Alubia Safed Rajma
Black Matpe (Beans) Urad
Chickpea Chana
Fava Vaal
Field Pea Split Matar Dal
Garbanzo Beans Kabuli Chana
Mung Beans Moong
Red Kidney Beans Rajma
Lentil Masoor
Pigeon Peas Arhar, Toor
Soya Beans Bhatma
Whole Beans Sabut
Split Beans Dal
Split Skinless Black Chickpeas Chana Dal
Decorticated Skinless Beans Dhuli
FISH / SEAFOOD
English Name Hindi Name
Bombay Duck Bombil, Bumallo
Butter Fish Indian Pabda, Puptai
Carp Rohu, Rui
Cat Fish Sangtam
Clams Tisario
Cod Rock Gobro
Crabs Kekara, keka-daa
Herring Bhing,
Kingfish Surmai
Lady Fish Kane Nogli
Mackerel Bangda, Bangada
Mullet Boi, Parshey, Andawari, Shevto
Mussels Teesari
Oyster Kalva
Pearl Spot Karimeen
Prawns Jhinga, Chingri,
Red Snapper Rani
Roe Macchli anda
Salmon Indian Raavas
Sardines Pedvey
Sawfish Kandere
Shark Moree, Zori
Shad Indian Hilsa
Silver Belley Surgutta
Snake Head Murrai
Sole Repti, Morrul
Sorrel Red Chukka Sag
Squid Mankyo
Tuna Chura
Turbot Indian Kuppa Machli
Turtle Kachhua
White Bait Katai
VEGETABLES
English Name Hindi Name
Cluster Beans Gawar
French Beans Pharas Beans
Aubergine, Brinjal, Eggplant Baingan
Beet root Chukandar
Bell Pepper, Capsicum Shimla Mirch
Celery Ajmund
Cabbage Bandh Gobi, Patta Gobi
Carrot Gajar
Cauliflower Phool Gobi
Cilantro, Coriander Leaves Hara Dhania
Colocasia Taro, Eddo
Arbi Arvi
Corn Kernel Makkai
Corn on the Cob Bhutta
Cow pea Lobhia
Cucumber Kheera, Kakri,
Ash Gourd Petha
Bitter Gourd Karela
Bottle Gourd Lauki, Ghiya
Tidged Gourd Torai
Snake Gourd Chichinda
Jackfruit Kathal
Kohl Rabi Ganth Gobi
Lotus Stem Bhein, Kamal Kakri,
Mushrooms Khumb
Mustard Leaves Sarson Patta
Natal Pum Karonda
Okra Bhindi
Onion Piyaz
Green Peas Mattar
Mint Leaves Hara Pudina
Potato Aloo
Pumpkin(British, Australian) Kaddu
American butternut Mooli
Radish Hari Piyaz
Spring Onion Palak
Spinach Shakar kand
Sweet Potato Tamatar
Tomato Shalgam
Turnips Singhara